The rock painting predates by about 500 Earth years the great mass extinction to which Homo sapiens and many other species succumbed. While life is still present on Earth, it does no longer include intelligent life.
The Homo sapiens species is believed to have suffered from disharmony between its capacity to think rationally and its ability to at the same time make adjustments to its behavior in accordance with rational thought. Around the time of our rock painting there had been awareness of impending doom and warnings had been given, as can be deduced from a review article on "Has the Earth's sixth mass extinction already arrived?" that appeared in 2011 (Earth calendar, CE) in the journal Nature, one of two leading scientific journals held in high esteem by the scientific community among Homo sapiens. Apparently, existing knowledge about the risks of irreversible human impact on the environment failed to result in fundamental change to patterns of behavior among the majority of our ancestors.
We owe our own existence and subsequent evolution to the development of rudimentary forms of space travel coinciding with the rapidly evolving Sixth mass extinction. It allowed a small community of Homo sapiens to escape the environmental disasters that hit planet Earth, initially establishing a small extraterrestrial community and eventually migrating to our own corner of the Galaxy.
More research is still needed to further validate the above findings.
(As earlier published on LinkedIn.)